Philippines Biodiversity Conservation Programmes
Almost all of the most threatened taxa included in the Species Conservation Progammes are concentrated in (and endemic to) the same few, most threatened/denuded faunal regions (i.e. late Pleistocene islands, for more information, see the biogeography page), namely: the West Visayas (Panay, Negros, Masbate, Cebu, etc.), Mindoro and Southern Luzon (and their associated offshore islands); each of which regions are also included in the top ten listing of the world’s most critical areas for conservation concern in terms of both numbers of endemic taxa represented and degrees of threat. There were very few Philippine NGOs, especially in these priority areas, with specialist interests, demonstrable expertise and proven track records in achieving effective biodiversity conservation objectives. Accordingly, efforts are now underway to rationalise and integrate these programmes to help ensure longer-term sustainability of conservation efforts and the most efficient use of available funds, local expertise, facilities and other resources.
To achieve this, formerly separate (though complementary) species programmes are being integrated under the auspices of ’Regional Biodiversity Conservation Programmes’, with increasing levels of assistance being channelled to local partner NGOs (especially the several new regional biodiversity conservation foundations established for this purpose and ‘Regional Biodiversity Conservation Centres’, to help provide the necessary local institutional capacity (infra-structure, resources, expertise and commitment) to develop and manage integrated biodiversity conservation strategies, over the shorter- and longer-terms. As such, these programmes and strategies are not only locally-based, but tend to increase their own capacity, generate their own incomes and promulgate wider ownership and patrimony by developing and extending their own regional partnership networks to help manage and sustain a diverse (and potentially huge) range of conservation activities. The only major exceptions to this rule relate to the breeding loan management of particular species by ex situ partner agencies or (though rarely) specialist research likewise conducted elsewhere.
Ongoing Philippines Biodiversity Conservation Programmes include:
Cebu Biodiversity Conservation Programme
West Visayas Biodiversity Conservation Programme
Mindoro Biodiversity Conservation Programme
Calamian Islands Biodiversity Conservation Programme
Polillo Islands’ Biodiversity Conservation Programme
Southern Luzon Biodiversity Conservation Programme
Other Regional Biodiversity Research and Conservation Projects