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Calamian Islands Biodiversity Conservation Programme

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Philippines - Calamian IslandsBusuanga landscapeThe Calamian Islands form the easternmost extension of the ‘Palawan Faunal Region’ and, hence, the Sunda Shelf. There are three main islands, Busuanga (878 km2), Culion (456 km2) and Coron (90 km2), and numerous smaller islets. The group constitutes a marginally distinct subcentre of endemism within the Palawan Region, and supports important populations of various native species and several endemic taxa. The Calamian deer (Axis calamianensis) is the largest and certainly one of the most threatened species in this region. The Calamian Deer Conservation Programme was initiated in 1992.

The Calamian Islands Biodiversity Conservation Programme was initiated in early 2006, with a (Phase One) region-wide ethnobiological survey (Phase One) aimed at identifying key areas for the establishment of a new network of protected areas, i.e. ‘municipal reserves or ‘Local Conservation Areas (LCAs)’ (Phases Two and Three), scheduled to be completed over the next two to three years. This project is being conducted with initial funding support provided by the National Geographic Society Conservation Trust and other sources, and is being implemented in close collaboration with the Katala Foundation (KFI), relevant LGUs and other key stakeholders.